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Information Skills

Develop your academic skills




Why are Information Skills Important?

During your time in GMIT you will be expected to read course materials to inform and educate yourself with the subjects you are studying and to write assignments set out by your lecturers. The majority of the material is provided as recommended reading lists, printed course packs or links to electronic copies of books and articles provided through GMIT’s VLE LearnOnline.

However, you will also be expected to develop your learning and do research beyond what is set by your lecturers to show your understanding of the subjects you are studying. This requires you to search, find and evaluate information independently on the topics you are studying. To do this effectively you need good information skills. With information accessible in various formats and quality, it is important that students have the skills needed to allow them to use the variety of information resources available and to retrieve, evaluate and use that information successfully.

Examples of information skills training include:
  1. Library inductions
  2. Information sources
  3. Using the library catalogue
  4. Copyright and plagiarism
  5. Citing and referencing
  6. Using electronic resources
  7. Bibliographic database searching

In the wider context, information skills are important because it helps to increase information literacy. Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to "recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information." (ALA, 1989) Integrating Information Literacy into the curriculum is about building skills for independent lifelong learning.

More Information:

Information Literacy CILIP Information Literacy Group
Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education ALA
Integrating Information Literacy into the Curriculum CONUL


Learning & Innovation Skills

GMIT offers a “Learning & Innovation Skills” module (formerly Learning 2 Learn, L2L) as a mandatory module in the first year of its undergraduate programmes. The module was designed to help students develop the learning skills needed to meet the demands of third-level study and to ease their transition from second to third level.

The library covers the following modules:

Booking requests can be made by staff for students by contacting

More Information:

Incoming First Years GMIT



There are many resources available in our Library, both in print and electronic format.  The Library provides Information Skills training throughout the year to help you find and use the right resources.

Information Skills Training will ensure that you can:

  • get the best use of the library
  • recognise appropriate information
  • access print and electronic resources
  • avoid plagiarism by citing and referencing correctly

Information skills training courses can be delivered using a variety of teaching methods and formats including:

  • One-to-one training
  • Group training
  • Demonstrations
  • Presentations
  • Online information skills training

The Library offers training in information skills to all staff and students. We offer a timetable of scheduled training sessions. You can arrange a session by contacting


Tutorials and Presentations

These tutorials are designed to help you learn the essential library and research skills that will assist you to find and use information.


  1. Searching GMIT Libraries
  2. The Online Library - L2L
  3. Ebooks @ GMIT Libraries
  4. Library Databases
  5. Advanced Database Searching & Features
  6. Creating an EndNote Web Account


Selection of Powerpoint presentations by library staff to support our services & facilities.

  1. Copyright and Plagiarism - L2L
  2. Citation and Referencing - L2L
  3. Databases & Evaluating Resources
  4. Introduction to the Library - L2L
  5. Journals - what they are & how to find them
  6. Library Online Resources
More Information:

Subject and online resources tutorials



GMIT uses the virtual learning environment platform Moodle which incorporates many resource and activity types that will aid your study. Moodle is a learning platform designed to provide educators and learners with a single robust, secure and integrated system to create personalised learning environments. Moodle is web-based so can be accessed from anywhere in the world.

Go to Moodle.



What is Copyright?

Copyright is a form of protection provided to the authors of "original works of authorship," including literary, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works.

Copyrightable works include the following categories:
  • literary works
  • musical works, including any accompanying words
  • dramatic works, including any accompanying music
  • pantomimes and choreographic works
  • pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works
  • motion pictures and other audiovisual works
  • sound recordings
  • architectural works

These categories should be viewed broadly. For example, computer programs and most "compilations" may be registered as "literary works"; maps and architectural plans may be registered as "pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works."

'Fair dealing' allows:
  • for an individual to make a single copy of an item for private research or study
  • for criticism or review (with acknowledgement)
  • for the purposes of relating current events (again with acknowledgements but excluding photographs).

'Fair dealing' is not an actual right under legislation, but a permission or privilege and as such should not be abused.

Who Owns Copyright?

Copyright is a property right which can be bought, sold or licensed. The author (creator of a work) is the first owner of copyright.

  • Books: 1 complete chapter to a maximum of 5% of the work.
  • Journals: As many articles in a journal volume as there are issues in each volume. For example: 12 articles from a volume, where there are 12 issues in each volume. Or 10%, whichever is greater. For example: if there is one issue per volume, then 10% of the volume may be supplied.

Please note these guidelines are for general guidance only NOT legal advice.

More Information:

Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000 Number 28 of 2000 (pdf)
Copyright Association of Ireland (CAI)
Copyright Licensing Agency (CLA)
United States Copyright Office



In the preparation of assignments, we continually engage with other people's ideas: we read them in books, hear them in lectures. When writing essays, we incorporate these ideas into our own writing, and it is important that we give credit where it is due.

What is referencing?

Referencing or citing is the method of acknowledging the information you use in your assignments. There are various ways of citing references within your assignments. These are called referencing (or citation) styles.

When should I cite?

Any time direct quotations, facts, ideas or theories from both published and unpublished works are used they must be cited.

Why should I cite?
  • To acknowledge the work of others
  • To avoid plagiarism
  • To support an argument you want to make
  • To enhance the credibility of your work.
What Referencing Style should I use?

GMIT primarily uses the Harvard Referencing style. However, it is important that you check with your department first.

More Information:

Quick guide to referencing using Harvard
Comprehensive guide to referencing using Harvard
Powerpoint presentation on citation and referencing


EndNote Online

Search, organize and share research and automatically format bibliographies.

EndNote Online enables you to…

  • Quickly and easily collect reference information from a wide variety of online data sources
  • Store up to 50,000 references in your own password-protected library
  • Access anywhere that you have internet access
  • Share references with other EndNote Web users to simplify collaboration
  • Cite While You Write in Microsoft Word to insert references and format papers instantly

Go to EndNote Online.

To book a training session please email

More Information:

Online Tutorial - how to create an EndNote Web Account
EndNote Web Comprehensive Guide




One of the ways the Library can help you excel in your studies or research is through information skills training. The training offered will help you develop skills to locate, evaluate, and use information effectively.


Contact your Subject Librarian if you would like to discuss embedding information skills provision into your module.

You may wish to request a session for your class or recommend a drop-in session.